|Unique Avian Solutions
for Breeding, Genetics,
and Companion Parrots
|Copyright © Linda S. Rubin | CockatielsPlusParrots.com
|Cockatiels: Breeding Smart! Excerpt
|Breeding birds require five prerequisites: 1) optimum nutrition; 2) increased
photolight (i.e. daylight) period; 3) proper humidity; 4) an acceptable mate; and 5) an
adequate nesting site. Increased, or normal room temperature (e.g., 68 to 72
degrees) will mimic the breeding season, although many breeders have been
successful with lower temperatures as long as they remain constant and without
fluctuation. Increased humidity via open water drinking bowls, or spray baths, signal
the onset of the rainy season, which wild pairs rely upon to provide the "milky stage"
seeds with which they feed their young.
Optimum nutrition is key to the growing chick and must be provided before the egg
receives its outer calcium shell, meaning well BEFORE the egg is actually laid. This
can easily be accomplished by providing a soft food supplement, in addition to the
regular diet, fortified by a lighting salting of an avian multi-vitamin mineral supplement
containing vitamin D3, made especially for birds. The author uses a salt shaker filled
with the powdered avian vitamin/mineral supplement to daily "salt" the soft food mix,
before it is presented to each pair.
Breeders have utilized a number of soft food supplements from: cooked, mashed,
hard-boiled egg combined with carrot, whole wheat bread and commercial mashes,
to the popular parrot corn/rice/bean (legume) diet. The author's faorite is the
corn/rice/bean supplement to the regular diet utilizing a variety of legumes such as
lima beans, black-eyed peas, chick peas, navy, pinto and kidney beans or the
15-bean mix found in the market. Beans such as lima must be well-cooked to remove
any toxins remaining in improperly cooked, or raw beans.
An easy short cut for just a few birds, is to purchase frozen whole kernel cut corn,
instant whole grain brown rice, and a 15-bean mix (or in a pinch, fresh-frozen lima
beans), found in most supermarkets. Microwae the corn until warm, add the softened,
well-cooked, or microwaved beans (e.g., lima beans), and enough cooked brown rice
to coat the corn and beans. White rice does not contain the food value found in whole
grain brown rice. The leftover rice may be stored in the refrigerator and the remaining
bean mix can be stored frozen in portions. Portions of the corn/rice/bean mix should
be increased as the chicks grow. I t is an excellent soft food, and a complete protein,
useful for conditioning birds, rearing chicks, and for sick birds too infirm to crack
seed. The author feeds it periodically to the resting flock so all birds enjoy and are
familiar with the soft food mix before it's required.
Soft foods such as whole wheat bread is also an excellent supplement. Although
many authors in earlier years report dipping the bread in milk, avian research studies
have found that cockatiels lack the enzye lactase, and are unable to break down the
milk sugar, lactose, giveing the birds a case of diarrhea. Calcium can be supplied in
other forms and it is therefore recommended to ...
... to read more, order here
|Excerpts: Controlled vs Colony Breeding Breeding Condition Line-Breeding Inherited Faults Miscellaneous Faults Order >>
|Have you read COCKATIELS: Breeding Smart! ?
Write a review or a testimonial
|Readers of Cockatiels: Breeding Smart! are
also interested in these books: